OpenSBI Platform Requirements

The RISC-V platform requirements for OpenSBI can change over time with advances in RISC-V specifications and ecosystem.

To handle this, we have two types of RISC-V platform requirements:

  1. Base platform requirements which apply to all OpenSBI releases
  2. Release specific platform requirements which apply to a OpenSBI release and later releases

Currently, we don't have any Release specific platform requirements but such platform requirements will be added in future.

Base Platform Requirements

The base RISC-V platform requirements for OpenSBI are as follows:

  1. At least rv32ima or rv64ima required on all HARTs
  2. At least one HART should have S-mode support because:

    • SBI calls are meant for RISC-V S-mode (Supervisor mode)
    • OpenSBI implements SBI calls for S-mode software
  3. The MTVEC CSR on all HARTs must support direct mode

  4. The PMP CSRs are optional. If PMP CSRs are not implemented then OpenSBI cannot protect M-mode firmware and secured memory regions
  5. The TIME CSR is optional. If TIME CSR is not implemented in hardware then a 64-bit MMIO counter is required to track time and emulate TIME CSR
  6. Hardware support for injecting M-mode software interrupts on a multi-HART platform

The RISC-V extensions not covered by rv32ima or rv64ima are optional for OpenSBI. Although, OpenSBI will detect and handle some of these optional RISC-V extensions at runtime.

The optional RISC-V extensions handled by OpenSBI at runtime are:

  • D-extension: Double precision floating point
  • F-extension: Single precision floating point
  • H-extension: Hypervisor