/* Copyright (C) 1993-2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of the GNU C Library.
Contributed by Ulrich Drepper , 1993.
The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
Lesser General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
. */
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
#include
/* [Aho,Sethi,Ullman] Compilers: Principles, Techniques and Tools, 1986
[Knuth] The Art of Computer Programming, part 3 (6.4) */
/* The reentrant version has no static variables to maintain the state.
Instead the interface of all functions is extended to take an argument
which describes the current status. */
typedef struct _ENTRY
{
unsigned int used;
ENTRY entry;
}
_ENTRY;
/* For the used double hash method the table size has to be a prime. To
correct the user given table size we need a prime test. This trivial
algorithm is adequate because
a) the code is (most probably) called a few times per program run and
b) the number is small because the table must fit in the core */
static int
isprime (unsigned int number)
{
/* no even number will be passed */
for (unsigned int div = 3; div <= number / div; div += 2)
if (number % div == 0)
return 0;
return 1;
}
/* Before using the hash table we must allocate memory for it.
Test for an existing table are done. We allocate one element
more as the found prime number says. This is done for more effective
indexing as explained in the comment for the hsearch function.
The contents of the table is zeroed, especially the field used
becomes zero. */
int
__hcreate_r (size_t nel, struct hsearch_data *htab)
{
/* Test for correct arguments. */
if (htab == NULL)
{
__set_errno (EINVAL);
return 0;
}
/* There is still another table active. Return with error. */
if (htab->table != NULL)
return 0;
/* We need a size of at least 3. Otherwise the hash functions we
use will not work. */
if (nel < 3)
nel = 3;
/* Change nel to the first prime number in the range [nel, UINT_MAX - 2],
The '- 2' means 'nel += 2' cannot overflow. */
for (nel |= 1; ; nel += 2)
{
if (UINT_MAX - 2 < nel)
{
__set_errno (ENOMEM);
return 0;
}
if (isprime (nel))
break;
}
htab->size = nel;
htab->filled = 0;
/* allocate memory and zero out */
htab->table = (_ENTRY *) calloc (htab->size + 1, sizeof (_ENTRY));
if (htab->table == NULL)
return 0;
/* everything went alright */
return 1;
}
libc_hidden_def (__hcreate_r)
weak_alias (__hcreate_r, hcreate_r)
/* After using the hash table it has to be destroyed. The used memory can
be freed and the local static variable can be marked as not used. */
void
__hdestroy_r (struct hsearch_data *htab)
{
/* Test for correct arguments. */
if (htab == NULL)
{
__set_errno (EINVAL);
return;
}
/* Free used memory. */
free (htab->table);
/* the sign for an existing table is an value != NULL in htable */
htab->table = NULL;
}
libc_hidden_def (__hdestroy_r)
weak_alias (__hdestroy_r, hdestroy_r)
/* This is the search function. It uses double hashing with open addressing.
The argument item.key has to be a pointer to an zero terminated, most
probably strings of chars. The function for generating a number of the
strings is simple but fast. It can be replaced by a more complex function
like ajw (see [Aho,Sethi,Ullman]) if the needs are shown.
We use an trick to speed up the lookup. The table is created by hcreate
with one more element available. This enables us to use the index zero
special. This index will never be used because we store the first hash
index in the field used where zero means not used. Every other value
means used. The used field can be used as a first fast comparison for
equality of the stored and the parameter value. This helps to prevent
unnecessary expensive calls of strcmp. */
int
__hsearch_r (ENTRY item, ACTION action, ENTRY **retval,
struct hsearch_data *htab)
{
unsigned int hval;
unsigned int count;
unsigned int len = strlen (item.key);
unsigned int idx;
/* Compute an value for the given string. Perhaps use a better method. */
hval = len;
count = len;
while (count-- > 0)
{
hval <<= 4;
hval += item.key[count];
}
if (hval == 0)
++hval;
/* First hash function: simply take the modul but prevent zero. */
idx = hval % htab->size + 1;
if (htab->table[idx].used)
{
/* Further action might be required according to the action value. */
if (htab->table[idx].used == hval
&& strcmp (item.key, htab->table[idx].entry.key) == 0)
{
*retval = &htab->table[idx].entry;
return 1;
}
/* Second hash function, as suggested in [Knuth] */
unsigned int hval2 = 1 + hval % (htab->size - 2);
unsigned int first_idx = idx;
do
{
/* Because SIZE is prime this guarantees to step through all
available indeces. */
if (idx <= hval2)
idx = htab->size + idx - hval2;
else
idx -= hval2;
/* If we visited all entries leave the loop unsuccessfully. */
if (idx == first_idx)
break;
/* If entry is found use it. */
if (htab->table[idx].used == hval
&& strcmp (item.key, htab->table[idx].entry.key) == 0)
{
*retval = &htab->table[idx].entry;
return 1;
}
}
while (htab->table[idx].used);
}
/* An empty bucket has been found. */
if (action == ENTER)
{
/* If table is full and another entry should be entered return
with error. */
if (htab->filled == htab->size)
{
__set_errno (ENOMEM);
*retval = NULL;
return 0;
}
htab->table[idx].used = hval;
htab->table[idx].entry = item;
++htab->filled;
*retval = &htab->table[idx].entry;
return 1;
}
__set_errno (ESRCH);
*retval = NULL;
return 0;
}
libc_hidden_def (__hsearch_r)
weak_alias (__hsearch_r, hsearch_r)